Haemorrhoids Treatment In Singapore

With more than 20 years experience in piles treatment, we offer minimally invasive treatment options that have been proven to be safe and effective. Piles are easily treatable, consult with a specialist to learn more about your treatment options.

Dr Jonathan Foo Shuo Min
Consultant General Surgeon

What Are Haemorrhoids / Piles?

Haemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anus and lower rectum that can cause pain, bleeding, and itching. They can occur inside or outside the anal canal and can be classified as internal or external haemorrhoids depending on their location. While Internal haemorrhoids are usually painless, they can still cause bleeding. External haemorrhoids, however, may cause discomfort and are often painful.


Piles occurs when the blood vessels in the anus and rectum become swollen and inflamed, and can be caused by various factors including constipation, obesity, pregnancy, and a sedentary lifestyle. While haemorrhoids are more common in older adults, they can affect people of any age.


Haemorrhoids or piles can cause a range of symptoms. Here is a non-exhaustive list of the possible symptoms:

  • Bleeding during bowel movements
  • Itching or irritation in the anal area
  • Pain or discomfort during bowel movements
  • Swelling or lumps around the anus
  • Leakage of faeces
  • Mucus discharge
  • A feeling of incomplete bowel movement

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, seek medical attention as soon as possible to get a diagnosis.

Diagnosis & Types

To diagnose haemorrhoids, your specialist will first perform a physical examination of the anal area. This can help determine the presence, location, size, and grade of haemorrhoids. Understanding the type and grade of haemorrhoids is needed to determine the appropriate treatment plan.

  • Grade 1: Usually found inside the lining of the anus and cannot be seen or felt from outside the anus.
  • Grade 2: May protrude out of the anus when you pass stools but will retract back on their own.
  • Grade 3: Protrude out of the anus and need to be pushed back in manually.
  • Grade 4: Outside the anus and cannot be pushed back in.

  • Internal Haemorrhoids: Inflammations that occur inside the rectum and are usually painless, but can cause bleeding during bowel movements.
  • External Haemorrhoids: Inflammations that occur outside the anus and can cause pain, swelling, and itching.
  • Prolapsed Haemorrhoids: Internal haemorrhoids that have descended or protruded outside the anus and can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding.
  • Thrombosed Haemorrhoids: External haemorrhoids that have developed a blood clot inside them, causing severe pain and swelling.

Possible Treatments

Non-surgical treatments

Non-surgical options involve lifestyle changes, such as increasing fibre intake, drinking plenty of water, and avoiding straining during bowel movements. Topical medications and suppositories can also be used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.

Surgical Treatments

Rubber band ligation is a minimally invasive procedure where a small rubber band is placed at the base of the haemorrhoid to cut off its blood supply, causing it to shrink and eventually fall off. Sclerotherapy involves injecting a chemical solution into the haemorrhoid to shrink it. Both procedures are typically done in the doctor’s office and do not require hospitalization.

Haemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the haemorrhoid tissue. This procedure is usually done under general anaesthesia and may require a hospital stay. It is generally reserved for severe cases where other treatments have failed.

Stapled haemorrhoidopexy, also known as a stapled haemorrhoidectomy, is a newer surgical technique that involves using a special stapling device to remove the haemorrhoid tissue and reposition the remaining tissue back into the anal canal. This procedure is less painful than traditional haemorrhoidectomy and has a shorter recovery time.

Surgical treatments for haemorrhoids are generally reserved for more severe cases where non-surgical options have failed. Your specialist will recommend the most appropriate treatment option based on the severity of your condition and your individual needs.

Treatment Costs

The overall cost of piles treatment in Singapore can be affected by factors like specialists’ fees, the location of the treatment facility, additional diagnostic tests or consultations, insurance coverage, advanced treatment technologies, and the need for hospitalization.

Risks of Leaving the Condition Untreated

Leaving haemorrhoids untreated can lead to serious health complications. If left unmanaged, haemorrhoids can worsen, causing more pain and discomfort, and may require more invasive treatment methods.

Untreated haemorrhoids can also lead to the development of complications such as thrombosis, anal fistula, and infection. In rare cases, untreated haemorrhoids can even lead to rectal or colon cancer.

Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent complications and promote a quicker recovery.

Is Piles Affecting Your Quality of Life?

Consult our surgeon for a comprehensive evaluation & personalised treatment plan.

Dr Jonathan Foo Shuo Min

Consultant General Surgeon

Dr Jonathan Foo has expertise in managing various General Surgical and Colorectal conditions. He excels at advanced endoscopic, open and minimally invasive (“key-hole”) techniques, as well as robotic surgery.

Dr Foo is a specialist Colorectal surgeon with comprehensive training in other minimally invasive(laparoscopic) General Surgical conditions such as hernia repair and gallbladder surgery.

  • MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Surgery, NUS) 2002
  • MRCSEd (Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh) 2007
  • MMed (Master of Medicine in Surgery) 2008
  • Further Advanced Training At the Minimally Invasive Colorectal Unit in Portsmouth, UK

Dr Foo firmly believes that every surgical procedures must be customized to the individual in order to achieve an optimal outcome for his patients.

Dr Tan Yu-Meng

Director, Consultant General Surgeon

Dr Tan continues to be one of few surgeons in Asia who perform specialized surgery for peritoneal malignancies in Asia.

  • MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Surgery, First Class Honors & Distinction at the University of London) 1994
  • RCSEd (Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh) 1999
  • Further training in advanced HPB surgery and liver transplantation at the world renowned Liver Unit of Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, United Kingdom.
  • Further training in living donor liver transplantation in Japan.

With his interest in gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary-pancreatic (GI-HPB) surgery and the treatment of cancer, Dr Tan joined the department of surgical oncology at the National Cancer Centre in 2003 as a consultant.

Dr Tan’s interest in the management of peritoneal surface malignancies was part of his effort in leading a multidisciplinary team from NCC to Washington Cancer Institute to adopt the techniques and protocols of peritonectomy and HIPEC (Sugarbaker procedure) from Dr Paul Sugarbaker in 2009.

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    Hemmorhoids Treatment In Singapore

    Frequently Asked

    Are Haemorrhoids / Piles Dangerous?

    Most of the time, haemorrhoids will not result in serious complications. However, in rare cases, untreated haemorrhoids can become severely inflamed, leading to pain, infection, and even rectal bleeding.

    Are Haemorrhoids / Piles Contagious?

    Haemorrhoids are not contagious and cannot be passed through contact with another person.

    Can Pregnant Women Get Haemorrhoids / Piles?

    It is estimated that up to 20 percent of pregnant women experience haemorrhoid symptoms. Pregnancy increases pressure on the pelvic area and can cause constipation, both of which can lead to the development of haemorrhoids.

    When Should I See a Doctor for Haemorrhoids / Piles?

    Patients should seek medical attention if lifestyle changes do not provide relief from haemorrhoid symptoms or if the symptoms worsen. Other signs that a doctor should be consulted include bright red blood in the stool, lumps around the anus that are painful and do not go away, and persistent pain, itching, or swelling in the anal region.

    Can Exercise Help to Relieve Haemorrhoid Symptoms?

    Regular exercise, including walking and low-impact aerobics, may help to reduce the incidence of haemorrhoids by increasing circulation, reducing straining during bowel movements, and improving digestive health. Additionally, physical activity can help to reduce stress, which is a known risk factor for haemorrhoids.

    What Are the Side Effects of Medication Used in Haemorrhoid Treatment?

    The side effects of medications used to treat haemorrhoids vary depending on the type of medication. Common side effects of over-the-counter medications include abdominal pain and cramping, constipation, and worsening symptoms.

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