Rubber band ligation is a minimally invasive procedure where a small rubber band is placed at the base of the haemorrhoid to cut off its blood supply, causing it to shrink and eventually fall off. Sclerotherapy involves injecting a chemical solution into the haemorrhoid to shrink it. Both procedures are typically done in the doctor’s office and do not require hospitalization.
Haemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the haemorrhoid tissue. This procedure is usually done under general anaesthesia and may require a hospital stay. It is generally reserved for severe cases where other treatments have failed.
Stapled haemorrhoidopexy, also known as a stapled haemorrhoidectomy, is a newer surgical technique that involves using a special stapling device to remove the haemorrhoid tissue and reposition the remaining tissue back into the anal canal. This procedure is less painful than traditional haemorrhoidectomy and has a shorter recovery time.
Surgical treatments for haemorrhoids are generally reserved for more severe cases where non-surgical options have failed. Your specialist will recommend the most appropriate treatment option based on the severity of your condition and your individual needs.